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腰扭伤(Lower Back Strain)
作者:胡佰文[1] 
单位:浙江省宁波市第一医院[1]  
文章号:W115949  
2016-11-11 18:03:45    
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  腰扭伤是腰部的肌肉、韧带受伤引起的急性疼痛。经常指肌肉过度拉伤。腰部由维持脊柱的强大的复杂的一组肌肉支撑,包括伸肌、屈肌、斜肌。脊柱周围的软组织允许其向前弯曲、举重、拱腰以及旋转运动。

  腰扭伤是腰部的肌肉、韧带受伤引起的急性疼痛。经常指肌肉过度拉伤。腰部由维持脊柱的强大的复杂的一组肌肉支撑,包括伸肌、屈肌、斜肌。脊柱周围的软组织允许其向前弯曲、举重、拱腰以及旋转运动。

  Lower back strain is acute pain caused by damage to the muscles and ligaments of the back. It is often referred to as a pulled muscle. The back is supported by a large, complex group of muscles that hold up the spine, including the extensor, flexor, and oblique muscles. The soft tissues surrounding the spine enable bending forward, lifting, arching, and twisting movements.

腰扭伤是腰部的肌肉、韧带受伤引起的急性疼痛。经常指肌肉拉伤。腰部由维持脊柱的强大的复杂的一组肌肉支撑,包括伸肌、屈肌、斜肌。脊柱周围的软组织允许其向前弯曲、举重、拱腰以及旋转运动。

  Lumbar muscle strain occurs when a back muscle is over-stretched or torn, which damages the muscle fibers. When one of the ligaments in the back tears, it is referred to as a sprain.

  腰扭伤发生于腰部肌肉过度拉伸或撕裂,这时肌肉纤维受损伤。当腰部的一条韧带受伤,就称为扭伤。

  Movements that put stress on the back can result in pulled muscles. For example, lifting a heavy object, twisting while lifting, falling, or some sports could cause lumbar muscle strain.

  腰部受力的活动可能导致肌肉拉伤。比如,举一个沉重的物体,当举重物时扭腰,摔倒,或一些运动可引起腰部肌肉扭伤。

  Symptoms of lumbar muscle strain include sudden onset of pain, localized pain that does not radiate into the leg, and tenderness in the lower back.

  腰部肌肉扭伤的症状包括突然出现的疼痛,局部疼痛不向下肢放射,腰部压痛。

  Muscle strain can by accompanied by muscle spasms, as the body tries to stabilize the injury.

  肌肉扭伤会伴随着肌痉挛,这是人体试图使受伤处稳定。

  Acute pain from a lower back strain can resolve in a short amount of time, but low levels of pain or flare-ups can continue for weeks or months after the initial injury. After two weeks, back muscles can atrophy from lack of use and cause more pain.

  腰扭伤引起的急性疼痛在短时间内会缓解。但轻度的疼痛在初次损伤数周或数月内仍会持续或发作。2周以后,因缺乏活动,腰部肌肉会萎缩并引起疼痛加重。

  There are many treatment options for lower back muscle strain, including exercise, which will prevent atrophy.

  腰部肌肉扭伤有许多治疗方法,包括锻炼,这可预防肌肉萎缩。

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作者简介
胡佰文
单位:浙江省宁波市第一医院
简介: 胡佰文,男,副主任医师。1995年毕业于第二军医大学,从事骨科临床工作近20年,曾在第二军医
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